On December 15, Army Chief General Vipin Rawat said that women engaged in works such as mining and non-mining operations are playing the role as officers and they are also managing the air defense system,
On December 15, Army Chief General Vipin Rawat said that women engaged in works such as mining and non-mining operations are playing the role as officers and they are also managing the air defense system, but they have to play frontline fighter role. Difficulties have to face. He said that the fight role is not given to the women in the army because they have the responsibility of raising children. He also said that women can also accuse their fellow soldiers of being a victim of terrorism, so they should not be admitted for Combat Roll. He said that officials are at risk of being killed in frontline combat. When the martyrs killed in war, when they return to the casket, our country is not ready to see it.
- For a long time the role of women in the Armed Forces was limited to therapeutic profession such as doctors and nurses.
- In 1992, women’s entry doors opened as regular officers in non-medical, aviation, logistics, law, engineering and executive cadre.
- Thousands of enthusiastic young women applied on the basis of published advertisements for recruitment and this was an important turning point in the history of the Indian Army.
- In recent years, steps have been taken to make women more inclusive by providing training for service on submarines in combat positions and tank units in recent years.
- In February 2016, President Pranab Mukherjee announced that women will be allowed to play the role of war in all sections of the Indian Armed Forces, pointing out a meaningful step towards gender equality in the world’s most male-dominated army. is.
- A few months ago, the Integrated Headquarters of the Ministry of Defense has asked all Wings of the Army to suggest different types of role for women.
- In October 2015, the government took the first step towards incorporating women into combat forces. In the pilot period of three years from June 2017, the Indian Air Force will be able to fly a female pilot warfare aircraft.
Role of women in the Indian Army
- So far, the deployment of women in the Indian Army has been happening in units like medicine, education, law, signals and engineering.
- Now the appointment of female fighter pilots in Indian Air Force has begun. In 2016, three women were deployed as fighter pilots. He was appointed as a pilot project.
- Indian Navy is also considering deploying women on warships. Women officers in the Indian Navy are working in the role of Combat and Combat Support.
- According to the capacity of pilot and observer, women are being employed in a combat role on maritime military surveillance planes.
- The policy of arranging permanent commissions for women officers in law and education and Naval Constructors Branch in the Indian Navy has been finalized.
- The government had issued the future policies for giving permanent commission to women officers in some branches of Indian Air Force, while the policy of giving permanent commission to women officers in Indian Army is being finalized.
- There are now more female pilots in the Indian Air Force. So far, women have not been allowed as militias in special forces like Fatal, Garuda, Marcos, Para Commandos etc.
- Home Minister Rajnath Singh announced in March 2017 that 30 percent of the Central Armed Police Force (CRPF) and Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) and the Border Security Force (BSF), the Armed Forces Force (SSB) and the Indo-Tibet Border Police ( ITBP will recruit women on 15% constable rank positions.
- Countries like Germany, Australia, Canada, the US, Britain, Denmark, Finland, France, Norway, Sweden and Israel have allowed women to play a role in the war.
- Women in the field of air defense are managing our weapon systems. But we have not kept women in frontline competition. Behind which logistics and operational concerns are considered the main reason.
What are the difficulties in giving women the Combat Roll?
1. Physical Issues
- Women are more sensitive to injuries and medical problems due to natural variation in height, strength and physical structure between men and women. This problem occurs especially during intensive training.
- In addition, non-combat injuries are also seen in hard areas such as high altitude, desert areas, clearance diving and high-speed aviation (G-forces) in women.
- Natural processes of menstruation and pregnancy make women particularly vulnerable to war conditions.
- The need for suppression of menstruation in combat areas and its impact on long-term health have always been the issues of debate.
- Long-term deployment in tough wars and the serious impact of physical activity on reproductive health of women is being studied specifically in the United States.
2. Social and psychological issues
- Women are more attached to their family, especially their children. He is more psychologically stressed during long breaks from the family which indicates the need for social support.
- Loneliness is also a major issue, due to the fact that the number of men in the army especially in war zones is more than women.
- The issue of the Military Sexual Trauma (MST) and its impact on the physical and mental health of female fighters. Many countries are now considering the problem as real and necessary and are taking strong measures to stop it.
- MST can cause serious and chronic psychological problems, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and misuse of items.
3. Cultural Issues
- Cultural barriers in society, especially in countries like India, can be the biggest hurdle in involving women in the war.
- Some women can be judged easily by the result of deploying a large number of men in tight houses, in remote areas and inaccessible places.
- So, the picture of women fighters in a country like India does not look very bright.
Women are capable
- Permitting women to play the role of war can be seen as a step taken in the direction of gender equality.
- This progressive step will help women give their proper status and authority, which will eventually help in increasing their position in the social hierarchy.
- Psychologically women are ready for this, they need to provide the necessary training and proper environment.
- As far as fighting is concerned, it is not entirely related to physical power. Women can not be assessed on the criteria of power. Needs to nurture their physical potential with appropriate nutrition and training.
- Indeed, in today’s world, a new trend of skill with unique discoveries and innovations in war, arms and tactics has been given priority.
- It demands qualities like compatibility, agility, discipline, quick thinking, dexterity, teamwork and leadership, which can be equally acquired by both men and women.
- Many countries like Canada, America, Germany, France, Israel etc. have already allowed women to be included in the role of war.
- Today, the role of women is increasing in electronic and electronic engineering (EME) but it is a matter of concern that the number of women officers is less than 5 percent.
- Women are aware of the dangers and challenges associated with it. If women think that they can do so, they should definitely be given a chance.
Need for Study for Social Acceptability
- We first need to do a detailed study that our society is ready to accept a female body bag (coffin)? Because our country is an emotional country. When we are not ready to accept the male body bag, how can we accept the female body bag?
- Will our society be ready to accept the mother of a mother whose 30-year-old mother is martyred in the Army operation? It can not answer the Indian Army but the society itself.
- Extensive studies need to be done on how women’s role can be enhanced in the Indian Army.
- There is no doubt that women are doing very well in the army but we also need to see how their work area can be expanded.
- It should also be part of the study that most of the soldiers in the army are from rural background, will they be able to accept the leadership of women?
- The Government is increasing the role of women in Cyber Security, Artificial Intelligence and Audit and Accounts. As far as the Combat Army is concerned, we are moving slowly in this, but it will take time.
- Women are doing well in Signal, Engineering and EME but their admission in Air Force will take some time. Need is to create an effective policy that we have been waiting for a long time.
- If it is said that the position of women in the Armed Forces is neglected at some level, then it will not be wrong. The reason for this is the lack of detailed government policy. Our policy makers need to pay attention to this.
Today women are making important contributions to the military sector all over the world. India is also moving fast towards involving women in the fight roles. To understand the socio-economic aspects of female combatants, there is a need for a consolidated study in which in addition to civil society, health, women and child development and HRD ministry should be included so that we expect in this area in the near future Be able to face challenges and deal with them.