Why in the discussion? Recently, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has set up an Export Promotion Cell for the purpose of developing a sustainable ecosystem for the development of MSMEs. Important point
Why in the discussion?
Recently, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has set up an Export Promotion Cell for the purpose of developing a sustainable ecosystem for the development of MSMEs.
- MSMEs are likely to have the following benefits:
का Evaluation of readiness of MSMEs for export of products and services.
का Integration of MSMEs in global value chain
की Recognition of those areas where reforms are necessary to be able to effectively and efficiently export.
- According to information received from the Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCIS), the present situation of exports from the MSMEs area during the year 2017-18, MSMEs related products value is 147,390.08 million dollars and the share of MSMEs related products in total exports of the country is 48.56% .
- In order to ensure efficient and effective delivery of all interventions related to export of MSMES, the Ministry has proposed to create a Governing Council, headed by the Secretary, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, and the Deputy Commissioner of the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Commissioner (Development Commissioner).
- This council will include senior officials and members of the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises and Commerce, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Export Promotion Council, Export Development Authority, Commodity Board and other bodies.
♦ By 2020, an action plan has also been proposed to meet the target of $ 100 billion export target.
Why in the discussion?
Recently, the Home Ministry has declared Nagaland again as a ‘disturbed area’ by using the powers conferred under section 3 of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act-AFSPA. Nagaland has been declared a disturbed area for a period of six months from December 30, 2018, as per the orders of the Central Government.
- Due to internal rebellion and terrorist activities, the Indian state Nagaland, adjacent to the border of Myanmar, has been declared as a disturbed area many times before.
- Significantly, AFSPA empowers the security forces to operate the operations anywhere and arrest anyone without prior notice.
- A Home Ministry notification states that the central government is of the opinion that the entire Nagaland state is in a turbulent and dangerous situation and it is necessary to use armed forces to help it.
- In a notification issued by the Central Government, it has been stated that in such manner, the Central Government declares that the entire Nagaland state will be covered under this Act from December 30, 2018, using the powers conferred under Section 3 of the Armed Forces (Privileges) Act, 1958. For a period of six months the region is declared a disturbed area.
History of AFSPA
- The Armed Forces (Privileges) Act (AFSPA) was brought in 1958 through an Ordinance and within three months it was granted legal deposit.
- 1958 and subsequent Northeast India: AFSPA was implemented in 1958 in Manipur and Assam for immunity from increased separatism, violence and foreign invasions in the North-Eastern States since the constitution was enacted in India.
- It was implemented in all North-Eastern India, including Assam, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland after some amendments in 1972.
- AFSPA was implemented on February 16, 1997 due to militancy violence in Tripura, which was withdrawn in May 2015 after 18 years of improving the situation.
When is there any area disturbed
- Under AFSPA, the central government deploys central security forces by declaring a state or region as turbulent, based on the report of the governor.
- Due to differences or disputes between different religious, racial, linguistic, regional groups, castes, communities, the state or central government declares an area as turmoil.
- Section 3 of AFSPA Act empowers Governors of States and Union Territories to issue an official notification on the Gazette of India, after which the Center gets the right to send armed forces to civilian areas.
- According to the Disturbed Areas (Special Court) Act, 1976, the status quo will be maintained for a minimum of three months in the area once it is declared turbulent.
- State governments may suggest whether this act should be implemented or not, but under the powers of the Governor or the Central authority, it is in the power to take or not take their suggestions under Section 3 of this Act.
- According to an official of the Home Ministry, the decision to declare Nagaland as a ‘disturbed area’ has been taken as the murders, loot and extortion continue in different areas of the state.
AFSPA in Nagaland
- AFSPA is applicable in Nagaland for several decades. This law was not removed even after the signing of a framework agreement on August 3, 2015 in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi between the Secretary-General of the Naga militant group NSCN-IM and TN Muivah, the government’s interlocutor RN Ravi.
- The framework agreement came after 18 rounds of 80 rounds, the first breakthrough was in 1997 when the cease-fire agreement was reached after decades of insurgency in Nagaland.