Basic Development and Northeast India

The bridge has a three-lane road at the top, while there is a double rail line right below it. This bridge is at an altitude of 32 meters from the water level of Brahmaputra. Construction of

  • The bridge has a three-lane road at the top, while there is a double rail line right below it. This bridge is at an altitude of 32 meters from the water level of Brahmaputra.
  • Construction of Bougibil road-rail bridge started in 2002. This bridge is built on the bridge linking Sweden and Denmark.


  • The bridge was founded by the then Prime Minister HD in 1997. Gowda had kept But its construction started in April 2002.
  • By 1962, Brahmaputra was the only river in India that did not have any railway or any kind of bridge on its entire length.
  • In 2017 Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated Dhola Sadia ie Bhupen Hazarika Setu which was the first permanent road connection between Northern Assam and Eastern Arunachal Pradesh.
  • It crosses the Lohit river, which is a main tributary of the Brahmaputra river.
  • So far, rail and road transport for Arunachal is coming through three bridges of Assam, in which there is Koliya Bhomora Setu between Jogigoppa, Guwahati, Guwahati, Saraighat and Shonitpur Nagaon in Bongai district.
  • Apart from this, the other route was the boat route that could only be run in the day. Due to the rapid flow of river Brahmaputra in the rainy season, the route of boat was also closed.
  • The construction of Bougibiya bridge will not be the problem of way off because this bridge is about 32 meters high from the water level of the Brahmaputra river.

Northeastern states of India

  • In the North-Eastern region of India, eight states come from Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. The total area of ​​this entire area is 2,62,179 square kilometers.
  • Compared to some of India’s states, such as Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh or Maharashtra, on the basis of area, each of these states is bigger than this entire region of the Northeast. 
  • North-East border meets five countries. These countries are – Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Nepal and Myanmar. Only 30-35 percent of the northeast land is flat. 
  • For decades, poor infrastructure and limited connectivity have worked as a hindrance to the socio-economic development of these states.
  • Area of ​​Northeast India is about 2000 km from the national capital of Delhi. It is situated far away and it is believed that the internet and social media also get the benefit of the government’s welfare schemes late in the period.
  • Recognized as India’s ‘Ashtalkakshmi’, these states have been recognized as gateway to South-East Asia.

Bougibil road-rail bridge: economic, strategic and commercial importance

  • This bridge will not only prove to be a lifeline for the North-East but will also strengthen the country’s security. It took 17 years to prepare.
  • This bridge is considered to be very important in strategic terms. This will help in dealing with China’s challenge on the borders adjacent to Arunachal Pradesh. Army’s heavy tanks can go easily on this. 
  • Apart from this, the bridge will prove to be very useful for the citizens’ population too. This will reduce the time spent traveling between Eastern Assam and Arunachal Pradesh for just 4 hours. Travel from Delhi to Dibrugarh will also be reduced by 3 to 4 hours.
  • This bridge is being seen as a big help to deliver the defense equipment to the border with China.
  • It is expected that the Bougibil bridge will start a new era of economic development in the region, besides strengthening national security in the border areas. This will facilitate the armed forces deployed on the border of China.
  • This bridge is so strong that in the emergency it will be able to pass major army tanks.
  • It will also play an important role in providing all-weather connectivity for all parts of Arunachal and Assam.
  • This bridge will connect Dibrugarh and Dhemaji to two districts of Assam, which were connected only by the first ferry route.
  • It will provide road and rail connectivity between the north and south shores of Brahmaputra in the eastern part of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. At the same time, the time to reach the border with China will reduce the time to 10 hours.

Basic development in northeast states

  • In the last four years, the central government has given special attention to a wide range of infrastructure structures in the North-East.
  • This area has been emphasized in improving the connectivity of rail, road, air and inland waterways.
  • The Government of India’s ‘Act Aast Policy’ focuses on strengthening relations with neighboring countries and works to increase connectivity through various projects related to roads, railways, air, telecom, power and waterways. Is going.
  • Major government initiatives for the development of infrastructure in the northeast states of India can be understood under the following headings.

1. Airport

  • The North-Eastern Council-NEC is a nodal agency for the economic and social development of the Northeast.
  • NEC, whose main members include governors and chief ministers of these eight states, are financing 12 infrastructure airports for upgradation of infrastructure.
  • Pakyong airport was inaugurated on September 24 in Sikkim. Located approximately 30 kilometers from Gangtok (built in area of ​​more than 200 acres), this airport is located above a hill at an elevation of 4,500 feet above sea level. It is one of the five highest airports in the country, it has cost Rs.650 crores in its construction.
  • Construction of Teju Airport is going to be completed and it is likely to be operated in the current financial year.
  • It is expected to improve connectivity with neighboring districts like Lower Dibang Valley, Anjaw, Namsai and Dibang Valley.
  • Runway expansion works will be included in the NEC (Shillong) airport by the NEC so that large airplanes can be landed.
  • Similarly, work is being done to allocate hangar at LGBI airport in Guwahati.

2. Road projects

  • NEC has focused its attention on the construction of 10,500-kilometer long roads, which will include roads of inter-state and economic importance.
  • A new scheme called North-East Road Sector Development Scheme has been launched which will operate strategic projects for roads and bridges.
  • These projects include Doyukh-Haramuti, Tura-Mankachar and Wokha-MARAPANI-Golaghat which have an estimated cost of Rs 213.97 crores. It will be under the leadership of National Highway and Infrastructure Development Corporation (NHIDCL).
  • A total of 14 such projects will be started by NHIDCL.
  • Despite the country’s largest state, Arunachal Pradesh has the lowest road density. The Central Road and Transport Ministry is planning to accelerate the Trans Arunachal Highway Project.
  • The Ministry will run a special Rapid Road Development Program for roads and highways, which will cover a distance of 2,319 km.
  • Construction plan has also been proposed for Arunachal Frontier Highway and the East West Corridor.

Rail projects

  • Work is being planned on providing a railway link through 20 major railway projects for North Eastern States, which includes 13 new lines, 2 gauge conversion and five doublings with a length of about 2,624 km.
  • Construction of a broad gauge railway line linking Barababi and Sarang is in progress, which will connect the capitals of the North-Eastern states by 2020.
  • In a part of the Northeast Frontier Railway area, 51 km long rail link is expected to be operational by next year.
  • The project will also construct 23 tunnels along with nine kilometers, along with 36 major bridges and 147 small bridges.
  • There will be three stations in the railway line- Hortoki, Kawanpuri and Mulkhang, which will be equipped with modern facilities such as escalators, foot over-bridges etc.
  • Connectivity related issues are expected to be resolved in Assam with an express highway project, which costs 40,000 crores and extends to 1,300 kms along the Brahmaputra river.
  • Better road, rail and air connectivity will help northeast India to make a big leap towards progress.

4. Communication Infrastructure

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said in the North-East to give more emphasis on connectivity, communication and commerce (3-C).
  • The network of post offices, telephone exchange and telephone connections are the main infrastructure for communication. Telephone based communication is spreading at very fast speed.
  • Government has announced an investment of Rs. 15,000 crores for improving telecommunication connectivity in eight states of Northeastern India. India’s marginal state Arunachal Pradesh, which shares border with China, plans to set up more than 2817 mobile towers.
  • Under the ‘India Net Strategy in the Northeastern Region’, 4240 Gram Panchayats of the North East region have been targeted to connect to broadband by satellite connectivity till December 2018.

Industrial development in northeast

  • Eight states of the North-Eastern region have a great deal of difference in natural resources, level of industrialization and structural facilities.
  • Except for four refineries and two petrochemical complexes, there are large industries in this area.
  • Industrial areas mainly Assam, tea, petroleum (crude oil), natural gas etc. have evolved and other areas of the North-East have the mining, timber cutting and steel manufacturing units. The full potential of this area is yet to be exploited.
  • Industrially, the NER (North Eastern Region) remains the most backward region in the country and except for Assam, industrial development in the states of this region is very low. Assam is in a slightly better position due to traditional tea, oil and wood based industries.
  • The development of small and medium industries in Meghalaya has resulted in some development.
  • There are also many factors contributing to the lack of industrial development in this area,
  1. Bad infrastructure

  3. Inadequate power supply

  5. Violence and extortion

  7. High cost of production

  9. Lack of entrepreneurship in local people

  11. Low level of public sector investment, etc.

  13. Unavailability of quality real estate

  15. Border trade
  • In the recent years, the “Look East Policy” of the Government of India has made the North East more important and strategic.
  • This area will have to provide adequate facilities to face challenges and to capitalize on open opportunities through a vast market in Southeast Asian countries.

Trade in northeast

  • During the period of independence, there was a lot of problems in business because the boundaries of sovereign nations were redefined.
  • This is the reason why more efforts have to be made to ensure the path of development in the more backward North Eastern region than other states of the country.
  • Act East Pakistan can promote the local economy of the North-East, provided we develop a strong ground-based business across the border.
  • In order to promote trade in the North-Eastern region, there is a need to focus on investment in infrastructure and trade facilitation measures.
  • A blue print of multi-modal connectivity projects has already been prepared and many of these projects like Kaladan Multimodal Highway are in the final phase of execution.
  • Recently, work has been started to build broad gauge connectivity from Agartala to Akhaura near Chatgaon. This will greatly reduce the distance between Agartala and Kolkata and will provide an efficient access to the port of Chittagong.
  • North-East Economic Corridor has been proposed to increase inter-regional connectivity under the Bharatmala project. Multi-modal freight movement is proposed through seven waterways terminals on Brahmaputra.
  • The Center has already notified the logistics as an investment of infrastructure.
  • Land Port Authority of India has expressed the desire to take all the land customs stations and upgrade them with integrated check posts with warehousing facilities.
  • A special access and capacity building program will be required to build foreign trade capabilities.
  • Regular meetings between business delegation and buyer-seller, negotiations between neighboring neighboring countries, Myanmar and Bangladeshi businessmen will also be helpful in promoting trade.


Over the past few decades, there has been significant improvement in the area of ​​roads, railways and air connectivity and telecommunication in the entire region of the Northeast. In the last two decades, many new universities, medical colleges and engineering colleges have been established here. There is also an IIT and IIM. 197 of the road construction and 20 railway projects in the Northeast are under construction, through which the plans of connecting all the state capitals of the North East with the railway route. So far the capitals of three states have been linked to the railway line. Work on two major power projects is also underway and a comprehensive telecommunications plan has also been implemented. The people of the northeast who were cut off from the mainstream of the nation have been in touch with the rest of India and the attachment has certainly increased. If these plans reach their destination at the right time, then the picture of the Northeast will change, and a big concern related to India’s unity-integrity will also end.